What you need to know about Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD is a chronic mental disorder that causes repeated unwanted thoughts or sensations or urges to do something again and again. For example, washing your hands over and over again after touching something.
People suffering from this disease have an obsession with doing one thing again and again and this is beyond their control. It interferes with work, their social life as well as personal life.
Here are the signs and symptoms of OCD:
Always double-check the things like locks, alarm systems, geysers, lights, etc.
Always washing your hands and face repeatedly thinking your hands are dirty and may have germs over them.
· SYMMETRY and ORDERING
Arranging the things in symmetry and an orderly manner. Keeping all the things neat and clean.
Causes of OCD are:
· Family history – A person having a family history of OCD is more likely to have it. It is believed that some genes may be responsible for it.
· Biological factors – Certain impaired functions in certain parts of the brain can cause problems with the transmission of certain chemicals like serotonin leading to OCD.
· Psychological factors – People who have experienced any trauma, abuse, or stress can develop the problem of OCD.
Treatment of OCD can be done in two either by medicines or therapy.
· Medication – A person suffering from OCD is prescribed antidepressants which help in decreasing the symptoms. Drugs that inhibit serotonin actions are given.
· Therapy – Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), helps to talk out to the therapist or health professional. It helps to change your thinking patterns.
The person suffering from OCD struggle with daily responsibilities and work. Their relationship is also affected by the symptoms. You should talk to your friends and family and also reach out if you need medical help.